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Kicked off parent's health insurance: Now what?
You'll need to do more than make a wish for good health when you blow out the candles on your 26th birthday.
If you're among the millions of young adults who have stayed on their parents' health insurance plans, you'll need to find new coverage.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act lets a young person stay on a parent's health plan up to age 26. Whether the coverage ends on your birthday or at the end of the policy year depends on the plan.
"Most plans are at least extending it to the end of the month or to the end of that policy year," says Steve Wojcik, vice president of public policy for the National Business Group on Health.
As your 26th birthday approaches, your parent should contact their employer's human resources department to find out when coverage will end.
"It's important to plan ahead instead of waiting until the last minute," says Martin Rosen, co-founder of Health Advocate in Plymouth Meeting, Pa., a service that helps individuals and employers navigate the health care system.
Here are health insurance options to explore when you're kicked off a parent's plan.
Enroll in your own employer's health plan
If you have a job that offers health insurance, let your benefits administrator at work know you'd like to enroll in the health plan. Normally you sign up for health insurance at work during open enrollment, which typically takes place in the fall for the following year. But under federal law you're eligible to sign up outside of the open enrollment period if you've lost coverage on your parent's plan.
Married? Get coverage through your spouse's health insurance plan
If your spouse or domestic partner has job-based health insurance, see if you qualify for coverage on his or her plan. Most employers that provide health insurance to employees extend health benefits to spouses, and a growing number of employers extend benefits to domestic partners. Don't procrastinate. Under federal law, your spouse or partner has 30 days after you lose coverage to ask the employer to add you to the health plan.
COBRA is short for the Consolidated Ominius Budget Reconciliation Act. The law gives families a safety net if they lose employer-sponsored health insurance because of unemployment, divorce, death of a spouse or loss of eligibility for coverage as a dependent. Under COBRA, you can continue to receive health insurance benefits under your parent's plan for up to 36 months. This might be your best bet if you have a health condition that would make qualifying for an individual insurance policy difficult. There's one big catch, though -- you have to foot the premium, plus up to a 2 percent administrative fee.
Your parent's health plan administrator should notify you about your eligibility for COBRA continuation coverage, Wojcik says. You will have 60 days to decide whether to elect coverage. Know your COBRA rights.
Comparison shop for an individual health insurance policy
You might find coverage that's more affordable than COBRA by shopping for an individual health insurance plan. An independent health insurance broker can help you sort through the options.
Think about what health care you're likely to need and compare premiums. Generally the higher the deductible, the lower the premium. Other out-of-pocket costs include copayments for doctor visits and co-insurance -- the percentage of health care bills you pay after the deductible is met. Consider how much health care you're likely to need and plan accordingly.
"Do the math and do your homework and make some sort of evaluation," Rosen says. "People tend to overinsure. Why would you pay an extra $400 or $500 a month for a low-deductible plan if you only go to the doctor two or three times a year?"
Dig into the details about what plans cover before you select one. Here's how to buy the worst health insurance plan ever: 7 scenarios to avoid.
Starting in 2014, you'll have to have health insurance by law, and you'll be able to shop for plans through a state insurance marketplace called an exchange. Insurers won't be allowed to deny you coverage or charge higher premiums because you have a health condition.
But until then you might have trouble qualifying for an individual health plan if you're already ill. Or an insurer might sell you a policy but exclude coverage for the pre-existing condition.
If you make little or no money, check whether you qualify for Medicaid, the federal and state program for low-income individuals and families.
If buying health insurance is simply out of the question, look for ways to save on health care. Community clinics offer services on a sliding scale, and most health care providers are willing to negotiate costs for uninsured patients.
Also, comparison shop prescription drug prices. Retailers such as Wal-Mart and Target offer one-month supplies of many generic prescription drugs for $4. Read about how to get free prescription medicines.
"The Healthcare Survival Guide: Cost-Saving Options for the Suddenly Unemployed and Anyone Else Who Wants to Save Money" by Rosen and Dr. Abbie Leibowitz features other tips and is available online for free.