Insurance options for rideshare drivers
With the rising popularity of rideshare services, rideshare insurance policies are beginning to hit the market. If you've decided to try to make some extra money as a driver, can you afford not to be covered?
Finding your way around town, dealing with inebriated passengers, and working less-than-stellar hours can make rideshare driving a stressful way to earn extra cash. Another major stressor: if you are involved in an accident at the wrong time, you can be on the hook for some pretty big bills.
Rideshare policies can help alleviate some stress by extending your personal insurance into the territory of rideshare driving. Having full coverage at all times while you are out on the ridesharing streets can put your mind at ease - as long as a policy is available in your area.
Insurance choices for rideshare drivers are limited
Rideshare insurance is starting to come into its own with new policies rolling out in a different state nearly every month. Despite the recent activity, rideshare policies are not yet available in all states (see chart below). In several states, there are only one or two insurers offering coverage, so rideshare drivers have little choice but to accept the price and coverage levels offered without the benefit of competitive pricing.
Just like any car insurance policy, the details of rideshare coverage vary by insurance company. Some insurers only cover Period 1, while others cover all periods. The company for which you drive can also make a difference. Some policies are limited to Lyft while others are specific to Uber drivers, which can be a problem if you drive for both.
|Rideshare timeline and coverages|
|Rideshare timeline||Personal auto insurance||Personal rideshare endorsement||Rideshare company (TNC) insurance|
|Offline: App is off, personal driving||Yes Personal auto insurance in effect||Yes Some insurers have a rideshare endorsement for this period. Otherwise, coverage will continue under personal policy portion.||No|
|Period 1: Driver is online and available for hire||No||Yes This is the riskiest period for drivers, so personal rideshare policies can help fill the gap.||Yes Contingent liability coverage of 50/100/25|
|Period 2: Driver accepts bid, en route to pick-up location||No||Yes Rideshare company insurance is primary, but some personal insurers have endorsements for this period.||Yes $1 million liability, $1 million uninsured/underinsured motorist bodily injury, contingent collision and comprehensive up to actual cash value (Deductibles from $1,000 - $2,500)|
|Period 3: Passenger in vehicle||No||Yes Rideshare company insurance is primary, but some personal insurers have endorsements for this period.||Yes $1 million liability, $1 million uninsured/underinsured motorist bodily injury, contingent collision and comprehensive up to actual cash value (Deductibles from $1,000 - $2,500)|
|Return to Period 1: Passenger exits||No||Yes Reverts to Period 1 coverage||Yes Contingent liability coverage of 50/100/25|
What are ridesharing companies covering?
Rideshare drivers receive significant liability coverage from their transportation network company (TNC), such as Uber or Lyft, as long as a passenger has been assigned. However, low limits and coverage gaps during the rest of the drive can end up costing you greatly if you are in an accident.
When the ridesharing app is open but a passenger has not been assigned, referred to as Period 1, Uber and Lyft offer low coverage limits for drivers: Liability coverage of 50/100/25, which translates into $50,000 for bodily injury per person, $100,000 for bodily injury per accident, and $25,000 for property damage.
"The liability offered by Uber and Lyft during Period 1 is only contingent liability, meaning the companies' liability policy only comes into play if a driver's personal insurance does not cover an incident," advises Penny Gusner, consumer analyst for Insure.com.
"If a driver is involved in a serious accident, these low limits would quickly be exceeded, and the driver would have to cover the balance. I recommend coverage limits of at least 100/300/50 when it comes to liability," continues Gusner.
Comprehensive and collision are not offered in Period 1, so the cost of fixing your vehicle in the event of an accident falls directly on you. Collision and comprehensive are offered by the TNCs during Periods 2 and 3, but the coverage is contingent, so you must have these coverage on your personal policy. And the deductible can be very high - $2,500 if you are driving for Lyft.
Confusing rules, low coverage limits, and high deductibles have left some drivers in difficult situations, but insurance companies have started to bridge this coverage gap by offering rideshare policies. Coverage periods vary and selection is limited, but a rideshare policy means you no longer have to lie about your second job, and you will be covered in the event of an accident.
Existing rideshare policies
Rideshare policies vary by price, coverage periods, and even rideshare company, but despite the limitations, if a policy is available in your state, it is likely a good idea to get one.
"If a rideshare policy is available in your area, buy one," advises Gusner. "A rideshare endorsement is the only way to ensure that you are fully covered while working as a rideshare driver. Without one of these policies, you could find yourself on the hook for some big bills if you are in an accident at the wrong time."
Policies can be broken down into two types: Period 1 Only and All Periods. For Period 1 Only Coverage, these policies extend your personal auto coverage into Period 1 only. Once you have been assigned a passenger, coverage changes over to the TNC's policy. Your personal coverage has ended, and the TNC's collision coverage is contingent and carries a large deductible.
Companies offering ridesharing policies
A few companies are offering rideshare policies that cover all phases of rideshare driving, so you can get your car fixed regardless of when the accident happens by paying your normal deductible. While these policies are probably your best bet, they are not yet widely available and some are TNC-specific.
"Any and all coverages the customer has while using the vehicle for personal use are included on our endorsement, and customers can choose their coverage limits," says MetLife spokesperson David Hammarström.
Other companies, like Farmers, offer only a Period 1 endorsement. "Drivers have the same coverages during Period 1 that match their underlying coverages, including comprehensive, collision and uninsured/underinsured coverages, providing drivers with seamless coverage. In addition, drivers are not limited to any specific rideshare company," says Luis Sahagun, media spokesperson for Farmers.
As of December, 2016
|Insurer||Name of coverage||States available||Rideshare providers covered||Periods covered||Cost (above personal policy)||Info|
|Allstate||Ride for hire endorsement||
AZ, CA, CO, GA, IL, IN, KY, MN, OK, SC, TN, TX, UT & D.C.
|All||All*||Adds extra $15 to $20 to annual personal auto policy premium||Policy helps with deductible for collision/comp if TNC's deductible is higher than your personal deductible.|
|Erie||Extends ridesharing coverage if you carry business use coverage||
IL, IN, KY, MD, OH, PA, TN, VA, WV, WI & D.C.
|All||All||Estimated to be $9 to $15 extra per month||Business use coverage typically has an exclusion for carrying people for money, but Erie lifted that exclusion for rideshare drivers.|
|Geico||Ridesharing policy - hybrid policy that replaces existing personal auto policy||
AL, AZ, CO, CT, DE, GA, ID, IN, IL, IA, KS, LA, ME, MD, MN, MO, NE, NM, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, VA, WA, WV, WY & D.C.
|All||All||Less than traditional commercial policy (estimated to be $25 extra per month)||Restriction on annual mileage. If full time, driver may need Geico commercial auto policy instead|
|Farmers Insurance||Rideshare endorsement - not available online must call Farmers to add coverage||
AZ, AR, CA, CO, GA, FL, ID, IN, IL, IA, KS, MD, MI, MN, NE, NV, NJ, NM, ND, OH, OK, TN, TX, UT & WI
|All||Period 1||Estimated 8 percent increase in rates in California, estimated $15 per month in other states.||Policy covers between rides and ride requests until driver logs off app, but it does not cover the time once a passenger is picked up until the drop-off.|
AZ, CA, IL, OK & NV
|All||All**||Mercury is advertising that the coverage "can cost as little as 20 cents a day," in addition to your usual personal auto policy premium.||If also include collision and medical payments on Mercury policy, those coverages will go up by 5 percent each.|
|Metlife||Rideshare insurance Lyft endorsement||
CA, CO, IL, TX & WA
|Lyft||All||Premiums will vary based on mileage driven for Lyft (estimated to raise rates by 10%)||If currently with Metlife, you need to call and have policy re-written with Lyft endorsement.|
|Metromile||Metromile + Uber||
CA, IL & WA
|Uber||Period 1||No extra cost||Monthly bill is pay-per-mile & integrated databases allows drivers to not be charged for miles driven for Uber once matched with a rider.|
|Progressive||Commercial policy for Lyft drivers (replaces personal policy) - in PA Personal policy endorsement for TNC drivers - in TX||PA and TX||Lyft (PA), All (TX)||All||Available with quote||Lyft drivers in forums say quoted rates in PA are on the high side. According to Progressive, rates are to be adjusted on mileage driven as a TNC operator.|
AZ, CO, IL, IN, KS, MN, MO, OK, OR, TX, UT, WA & WI
|All||All||Estiamated to be less than $10 a month||Safeco says you get nearly the same coverage during applicable ridesharing periods as you do when using car for personal use.|
|State Farm||TNC Driver Coverage endorsement||
AL, CA, CO, CT, DE, GA, ID, IN, IA, KY, LA, ME, MN, MO, NE, ND, OH, OK, OR, TN, WA, WI & WV
|All||All**||Available with quote||Liability extends during Period 1 only, all other coverages apply during all periods of TNC driving.|
|Travelers||Limited ride sharing coverage endorsement||
CO & IL
|All||Period 1||Available with quote||Endorsement provides coverage when the ridesharing app is on, but before accepting a passenger (period 1).|
|USAA||Rideshare endorsement - extends your personal policy to ridesharing||
AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, GA, IN, IL, IA, KS, KY, MD, MA, MO, NE, NV, NH, ND, OH, OR, TN, TX, WA & WY
|All||Period 1||An extra $6 to $8 per month, or approximately $40 to $50 per six-month policy term.||Must be a military member, or a spouse or child of military member who is a USAA member to buy a policy from USAA.|
|* Period 1 - all coverages, Period 2 & 3 - Allstate provides deductible help in certain situations|
|** Period 1 - full coverage available, Periods 2 & 3 - Mercury & State Farm provide coverage in excess of ridesharing company coverage|
How does rideshare coverage compare to taxi insurance coverage?
Ridesharing policies are much less expensive, but commercial policies for taxis are usually more comprehensive. Also, pricing could be a fairly big jump from your normal policy. "It's important to remember that Farmers introduced this coverage to provide drivers with a more affordable option than commercial policies, which could be significantly more expensive," says Sahagun.
"Taxicabs are required to carry primary commercial auto liability insurance coverage, which covers the vehicle 24/7 for any mishaps. This form of insurance covers any contingency," explains Dave Sutton, spokesperson for the public-awareness campaign website 'Who's Driving You?'
The much higher cost of these policies often leaves taxi drivers at a disadvantage to rideshare drivers. "Typically, primary commercial auto liability insurance coverage costs four or six times the amount of personal insurance," says Sutton.
Having, or not having, the proper coverage out on the road has ramifications for others as well as the driver. If you're considering becoming a rideshare driver, be sure to examine all options available in your area. You're getting into the rideshare business to make money. Don't allow a gap in your coverage to cost you.
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