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Obamacare, a nickname for the Affordable Care Act (ACA), doesn't provide free health insurance coverage. But the law makes it easier for people to qualify for and pay for health insurance.

But first, let's consider another landmark federal law, the Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act (COBRA). This law, passed in 1986, lets families continue coverage through employer-sponsored health plans after loss of a job, death or divorce. So if you lost your job, you could continue coverage under your employer's health plan by electing COBRA continuation coverage. The downside of COBRA coverage is its cost. The employer no longer foots the health plan bill; you pay the entire tab, plus 2%. The average family plan cost more than $20,000 in 2019. 

Another option if you lost your job would be to shop for an individual health insurance plan. Health insurers can't deny coverage or charge you much higher premiums because of your health condition. Before the ACA, insurance companies could charge you huge premiums or reject a plan because of pre-existing conditions. 

To help people afford coverage, the federal government provides subsidies for those who meet certain income requirements, such as having an annual income at 400% of the federal poverty level or less (that's about $100,000 for a family of four). The government helps by providing tax cuts or subsidies to insurance companies to keep down costs for premiums and out-of-pocket costs for lower-income people. 

The law also calls for expanding the eligibility requirements for Medicaid, the federal and state health insurance program. Three-dozen states expanded Medicaid, which gives that option to Americans with incomes 138% of the federal poverty level or less (about $35,000 for a family of four).