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You’ve had a car accident and you’re relieved to find that the damage to your vehicle is only cosmetic.

When the check for repairs arrives from the insurance company, you’re tempted to deposit it in your checking account and use the money for more pressing needs, like your daughter’s new braces or a well-deserved weekend getaway.

Could you? Should you? Let’s look at the possible consequences.

Can I keep my claims check? Cashing out the insurance payment

As long as the check is made out to you, it is your choice whether to “cash out,” as the practice is called, or repair the car, says Dan Young, former senior vice president of insurance relations for CARSTAR, the largest collision-repair network in North America, who is now senior vice president at AsTech — Automotive Service Technicians.

Pocketing insurance claims moneyHowever, sometimes insurance claim checks are made out directly to body shops or, if you’re financing the car, to both you and your lender. If you are leasing, the check might be made out to you and your leasing company. If you are leasing or loaning your car, you are obligated to use the money to repair your car.

Even if you’re able to cash out, opinions differ on whether it’s a wise move.

Dean Baker, co-director of the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington, D.C., says it could be “a smart thing to do” if the dents and dings are minor and they don’t bother you.

“I had a car that got damaged in a hail storm and it was an old car,” Baker says. “I wasn’t going to spend the insurance money I got to fix it. I wasn’t expecting to keep the car long and I didn’t really care what it looked like.”

Key Takeaways

  • If the check is made out to you, it is your choice to repair the car or keep the money.
  • If the car is financed or leased, the check is normally in both your name and that of the finance company and you’ll be required to repair the vehicle with the money.
  • If you fail to repair the car, don’t expect to be able to claim them later. Instead, if you’re in another accident, the unrepaired damages will be taken into account and payout will be only for new damages.

The car had little resale value, so a few more dings weren’t going to make much of a difference at trade time, he says.

Why using your claims check to repair your car is a smart move

Others warn that a decision to cash out and skip the repairs can come back to haunt you.

Safety is a big concern for unrepaired cars, Young says. The damage from your accident may not look that bad, but there could be trouble with the brakes or the wheels or even the engine that you can’t see. If you continue to drive the unrepaired car, it may make the problems worse.

Young observes that cashing out is becoming less popular. Because the economy is picking up, “I don’t think it’s as prevalent now as it was in previous years.”

Want a good reason to repair your car as soon as you get the check? Some of the damage may not be visible to your claims adjuster. When the body shop starts working on your car, it might find more problems. Your insurance policy typically will pay for any additional damage that’s revealed. However, if you delay repairs, your insurer may doubt the true cause of structural or mechanical problems.

If you keep your claims check, you may not get additional repairs done

Don’t expect your auto insurance company to pay for the additional repairs later on if you can’t prove the damage occurred due to the accident, says a spokesperson for Allstate.

For example, it could be that your wheel assembly was damaged and no one noticed, but continuing to drive the car caused you to ruin the front end. In such cases, your insurance company can say “no” to the additional cost of the repairs.

What if you have another accident and the same area of your car is damaged? Your insurance company is going to try to determine what part of the damage was from the first accident. It’s not going to pay you for the same damage twice.

If you haven’t shopped around for car insurance in a while, consider reviewing the best car insurance companies to see if you can save some cash on your annual policy.